Published On: Tue, Jan 12th, 2021

Aswan Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Nile, Egypt

Edited for the portal by Radoje Jankovic

Aswan Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Nile, EgyptFew Words.

Fig. 1.

I took over from Slavica Maric

On the day, 09.01.1960. On the Nile, in Egypt, by detonating 10 tons of dynamite, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser marked the beginning of works on the construction of the Aswan Dam on the Nile with that explosion.

The works were performed by Energoprojekt Belgrade, Melioracija Split, Hidrotehna Zagreb, and the equipment was produced by Rade Končar Zagreb and Litostroj Ljubljana, companies from Ex YU.

And one more thing: This is only 15 years after World War II.

Fig. 2.


Here I will quote a passage from the book “Aswan” by the German writer Michael Heim, which he wrote in 1973, where he describes what kind of catastrophe would happen if the dam on the Nile gave way due to the earthquake and the water rushed from the lake.

This accident is based on technical data that really evokes the real danger that threatens Egypt, and especially Cairo and the area behind the dam.

According to the writer, the scenario of the catastrophe could be briefly presented and described in this way.

Fig. 3.

“Under the pressure of 164 billion cubic meters of water, the dam gives way and the torrent from the accumulation of the lake, 500 km long, falls with great speed over the walls 100 m high. The city, 3 km below the dam, collapses and disappears under the impact of the hurricane wind, similar to the one moving in front of the tsunami wave. A few seconds later, the water wall, 30 m high, crashes with a huge speed, blue and erases everything that is left of the city. The forehead of the water wall, which descends and rises, rushes at high speed, towards the capital of 15 million inhabitants and further towards the sea. This shock wave of wind and water, moving at a speed of 30 km / h, reaches Cairo on the sixth day. “All streets, squares and many buildings are flooded, because the water reaches a height of 15 meters.”

Fig. 4.

A catastrophe of unprecedented proportions is happening, all the way from Aswan to the Mediterranean Sea. There is a “real” biblical flood. This scenario is not impossible. He is quite realistic. And not just for the Aswan Dam.

Of course, safety measures are also provided, which allow excess water to overflow or discharge through the evacuation openings for the discharge of excess water.

For example, when an earthquake measuring 5.3 on the Richter scale occurred near the Aswan Dam in 1981, there were 125,000,000,000 cubic meters of water in the lake.

In September 1996, the action of the monsoon from the Ethiopian highlands additionally poured 25,000,000,000 cubic meters of water, which filled the lake to the top with a water quantity of 137,500,000,000 cubic meters of water. However, in order for things to happen, in addition to the filling of the lake, the inflow of water is also larger and faster than the amount of water that evacuation openings can release.

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Aswan Hydroelectric Power Plant on the Nile, Egypt